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Evidian > Products > High Availability Software - Zero Extra Hardware > Bosch AMS: the simplest high availability cluster between two redundant servers without shared disk

Bosch AMS: the simplest high availability cluster between two redundant servers without shared disk

With the synchronous replication and automatic failover of Evidian SafeKit

How the Evidian SafeKit software simply implements a Bosch AMS high availability cluster?

The solution for Bosch AMS

Evidian SafeKit brings high availability to Bosch AMS between two redundant servers.

This article explains how to implement quickly a Bosch AMS cluster without shared disk and without specific skills.

The principle of the solution is to put Bosch AMS in a virtual machine under Hyper-V. SafeKit implements real-time replication and automatic failover of the virtual machine.

A solution open to other applications

Other applications can be put in other virtual machines with crossed replication and mutual takeover. With this solution, there is no need to configure restart scripts and define virtual IP addresses for each application.

A Hyper-V cluster with SafeKit

A generic product

Note that SafeKit is a generic product on Windows and Linux.

You can implement with the SafeKit product real-time replication and failover of any file directory and service, database, complete Hyper-V or KVM virtual machines, Docker, Podman, K3S, Cloud applications (see the module list).

Partners, the success with SafeKit

This platform agnostic solution is ideal for a partner reselling a critical application and who wants to provide a redundancy and high availability option easy to deploy to many customers.

With many references in many countries won by partners, SafeKit has proven to be the easiest solution to implement for redundancy and high availability of building management, video management, access control, SCADA software...

Building Management Software (BMS)

Video Management Software (VMS)

Electronic Access Control Software (EACS)

SCADA Software (Industry)

How the SafeKit Hyper-V cluster works with replication and failover of Bosch AMS?

The following steps are described for one virtual machine containing Bosch AMS inside one mirror module. Each replicated virtual machine runs in an independent mirror module (with a maximum of 25 virtual machines) with a primary server that can be either the Hyper-V server 1 or the Hyper-V server 2.

Step 1. Real-time replication

Server 1 (PRIM) runs the VM (virtual machine) containing Bosch AMS. SafeKit replicates in real time the VM files (virtual hard disk, VM configuration). Only changes made in the files are replicated across the network.

Synchronous replication in a Hyper-V cluster with Bosch AMS

The replication is synchronous with no data loss on failure contrary to asynchronous replication.

You just have to configure the VM directory name in SafeKit. There are no pre-requisites on disk organization. The directory may be located in the system disk.

Step 2. Automatic failover

When Server 1 fails, Server 2 takes over. SafeKit restarts the VM containing Bosch AMS on Server 2. Hyper-V finds the files replicated by SafeKit uptodate on Server 2. 

The VM continues to run on Server 2 by locally modifying its files that are no longer replicated to Server 1.

Failover in a Hyper-V cluster with Bosch AMS

The failover time is equal to the fault-detection time (set to 30 seconds by default) plus the VM reboot time. 

Step 3. Automatic failback

Failback involves restarting Server 1 after fixing the problem that caused it to fail. SafeKit automatically resynchronizes the VM files.

Failback in a Hyper-V cluster with Bosch AMS

Failback takes place without disturbing the VM containing Bosch AMS, which can continue running on Server 2.

Step 4. Back to normal

After reintegration, the VM files are once again in mirror mode, as in step 1. The system is back in high-availability mode, with the VM containing Bosch AMS running on Server 2 and SafeKit replicating file updates to Server 1.

Return to high availability in a Hyper-V cluster with Bosch AMS

If the administrator wishes the VM to run on Server 1, he/she can execute a "swap" command either manually at an appropriate time, or automatically through configuration.

Choose between redundancy at the application level or at the virtual machine level

Redundancy at the application level

In this type of solution, only application data are replicated. And only the application is restared in case of failure.

Application HA - redundancy at the application level

With this solution, restart scripts must be written to restart the application.

We deliver application modules to implement redundancy at the application level. They are preconfigured for well known applications and databases. You can customize them with your own services, data to replicate, application checkers. And you can combine application modules to build advanced multi-level architectures.

This solution is platform agnostic and works with applications inside physical machines, virtual machines, in the Cloud. Any hypervisor is supported (VMware, Hyper-V...).

  • Solution for a new application (restart scripts to write): Windows, Linux

Redundancy at the virtual machine level

In this type of solution, the full Virtual Machine (VM) is replicated (Application + OS). And the full VM is restarted in case of failure.

VM HA - redundancy at the virtual machine level

The advantage is that there is no restart scripts to write per application and no virtual IP address to define. If you do not know how the application works, this is the best solution.

This solution works with Windows/Hyper-V and Linux/KVM but not with VMware. This is an active/active solution with several virtual machines replicated and restarted between two nodes.

More comparison between VM HA vs Application HA

Typical usage with SafeKit

Why a replication of a few Tera-bytes?

Resynchronization time after a failure (step 3)

  • 1 Gb/s network ≈ 3 Hours for 1 Tera-bytes.
  • 10 Gb/s network ≈ 1 Hour for 1 Tera-bytes or less depending on disk write performances.

Alternative

Why a replication < 1,000,000 files?

  • Resynchronization time performance after a failure (step 3).
  • Time to check each file between both nodes.

Alternative

  • Put the many files to replicate in a virtual hard disk / virtual machine.
  • Only the files representing the virtual hard disk / virtual machine will be replicated and resynchronized in this case.

Why a failover < 25 replicated VMs?

  • Each VM runs in an independent mirror module.
  • Maximum of 25 mirror modules running on the same cluster.

Alternative

  • Use an external shared storage and another VM clustering solution.
  • More expensive, more complex.

Why a LAN/VLAN network between remote sites?

Alternative

  • Use a load balancer for the virtual IP address if the 2 nodes are in 2 subnets (supported by SafeKit, especially in the cloud).
  • Use backup solutions with asynchronous replication for high latency network.

SafeKit free trial + Hyper-V mirror module for Bosch AMS + quick installation guide

SafeKit Modules for Plug&Play Redundancy and High Availability Solutions

Advanced clustering architectures

Several modules can be deployed on the same cluster. Thus, advanced clustering architectures can be implemented:

Demonstrations of Redundancy and High Availability Solutions

SafeKit Overview

Examples of redundancy and high availability solutions with SafeKit.

Full training here

Microsoft SQL Server Cluster

This video shows a mirror module configuration with synchronous real-time replication and failover.

The file replication and the failover are configured for Microsoft SQL Server but it works in the same manner for other databases.

Free trial here

Apache Cluster

This video shows a farm module configuration with load balancing and failover.

The load balancing and the failover are configured for Apache but it works in the same manner for other web services.

Free trial here

Hyper-V Cluster

This video shows a Hyper-V cluster with full replications of virtual machines.

Virtual machines can run on both Hyper-V servers and they are restarted in case of failure.

Free trial here

SafeKit Customers in all Business Activities

  • Best high availability use cases with SafeKit

    Best use cases [+]

  • High availability of video management, access control, building management with SafeKit

    Video management, access control, building management [+]

  • Harmonic has deployed more than 80 SafeKit clusters for TV broadcasting

    TV broadcasting [+]

  • Natixis uses SafeKit as a high availability solution for banking applications

    Finance [+]

  • Fives Syleps implements high availability with SafeKit for automated logistics

    Industry [+]

  • Air traffic control systems supplier, Copperchase, deploys SafeKit high availability in airports.

    Air traffic control [+]

  • Software vendor Wellington IT deploys SafeKit in banks

    Bank [+]

  • Paris transport company (RATP) chose the SafeKit high availability for metro lines

    Transport [+]

  • Systel deploys SafeKit in emergency call centers

    Healthcare [+]

  • ERP high availability and load balancing of the French army (DGA) are made with SafeKit.

    Government [+]

Redundancy and High Availability Differentiators against Competition

SafeKit Technical Documentation

SafeKit Training

Introduction

  1. Overview / pptx

    • Demonstration
    • Examples of redundancy and high availability solution
    • Evidian SafeKit sold in many different countries with Milestone
    • 2 solutions: virtual machine or application cluster
    • Distinctive advantages
    • More information on the web site
    • SafeKit training
  2. Competition / pptx

    • Cluster of virtual machines
    • Mirror cluster
    • Farm cluster

Installation, Console, CLI

  1. Install and setup / pptx
    • Package installation
    • Nodes setup
    • Upgrade
  2. Web console / pptx
    • Cluster configuration
    • Configuration tab
    • Control tab
    • Monitor tab
    • Advanced Configuration tab
  3. Command line / pptx
    • Cluster administration
    • Module administration
    • Control commands

Advanced configuration

  1. Mirror module / pptx
    • Mirror's states in action
    • start_prim / stop_prim scripts
    • userconfig.xml
    • Heartbeat (<hearbeat>)
    • Virtual IP address (<vip>)
    • Real-time file replication (<rfs>)
    • How real-time file replication works?
  2. Farm  module / pptx
    • Farm's states in action
    • start_both / stop_both scripts
    • userconfig.xml
    • Farm heartbeats (<farm>)
    • Virtual IP address (<vip>)
  1. Checkers / pptx
    • Checkers in action
    • userconfig.xml
    • errd checker
    • intf and ip checkers
    • custom checker
    • splitbrain checker for a mirror module
    • tcp, ping, module checkers

Troubleshooting

  1. Troubleshooting / pptx
    • Analyze yourself the logs
    • Running an application without SafeKit
    • Take snapshots for support
    • Boot / shutdown
    • Web console / Command lines
    • Mirror / Farm / Checkers

Support

  1. Evidian support / pptx
    • Get permanent license key
    • Register on support.evidian.com
    • Call desk